Representations of work addiction and the experience of people who suffer from it.

Depending on the country, between 10 and 20 percent of the active population have a pathological and compulsive relationship with their work (Known, 2007, p. 28). This research focused on better understanding this phenomenon by exploring the social representation of work addiction of people who say they have suffered or who still suffer from work addiction. 5 participants took part in a survey by semi-directed interviews. More specifically, this research aimed to 1) identify and describe the characteristics of work addiction according to the experience of individuals who suffer from it, in order to apprehend a common sense and grasp the social representation of this phenomenon; 2) contribute to the scientific definition of the phenomenon of work addiction and 3) present the social practices of resilience of individuals with a work addiction according to the social representation of this addiction. According to our results, the social representation of work addiction is shaped by individual experience and work organization. This addiction is represented as a generally positive phenomenon in the workplace and problematic in all other spheres of life. Our study also identified 6 resilience practices of people with a work addiction aiming for a balanced life. These resilience practices testify to the empowerment capacity of these people. Keywords: social representation, work addiction, behavioral addiction, definition, organizational conditions, social practices of resilience, empowerment, well-being.

Author(s): Saidi Jaouad

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