Hydrocephalus (HC) is classically defined as dynamic imbalance between the production and absorption of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leading to enlarged ventricles. Ventriculo-peritoneal shunts (V.P.S.) are used to relieve hydrocephalus. Hydrocephalus can happen at any age, but it occurs more frequently among infants. There are a variety of congenital conditions that may cause cerebrospinal fluid to accumulate in the brain. These conditions include: aqueduct stenosis, encephaloceles, prematurity with germinal matrix hemorrhage. Complication have been reported, these are include: infections, shunt occlusion (common), disconnection and fracture (very rare).
Abdul Rahim H Zwayed1*, Sreenivas AV1, Amir M Shabana2, Yasser Abdul Rraziek3, Ban Farouk
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